Nov 21

RPG Blog Carnival: Narrative Surprise


RPGBlogCarnivalLogoSmallThe travelling RPG Blog Carnival has moved onwards yet again.


The November event is hosted by Mike Bourke at Campaign Mastery. As always, a new host brings a new topic.


The topic for November is A Stack of Surprises. Mike describes the topic as follows:


It encompasses anything and everything that might make a player who thinks he knows it all respond with “I wasn’t expecting THAT!”

You could describe a creature who isn’t what he seems, or offer a clever deception of some sort, or write about a plot twist, or anything else that comes as the unexpected. Or you could take a broader approach and look at surprises in general, or what to do if your plot twist isn’t surprising. Or anything in between.


To learn more see Mike’s blog.


Narrative Surprise

For many years, my understanding of surprise in RPGs was bound up in the traditional concept of who attacked first in combat. However, in recent years I have switched to a more narrative approach to gaming, aided by my adoption of the HeroQuest 2 rules.


As the importance of combat faded from my game, so too did the traditional use of surprise. Yet, as the topic for this month’s Blog Carnival illustrates, the concept of surprise can be applied to many areas of gaming.


I find myself adding narrative surprise to our games. By this I mean, a method of adding a twist to the story which surprises everyone at the table.



Narrative Outcomes Table

Surprise within the narrative is primarily achieved through the use of my Narrative Outcomes Table. Here is another topic worthy of a complete article unto itself.


The groundwork for the Narrative Outcomes Table is my expansion of the HeroQuest 2 outcomes into more narrative forms: Yes/No But, etc.


Within each level of HeroQuest 2 victory or defeat, I compiled a table of narrative outcomes. Many of these outcomes require the GM, or one of the Players, to expand the narrative according to a randomly drawn card.


For example, the narrative might run as follows: “Yes, you distract the town guard for a moment, BUT . . . [Active Player draws a Plot Twist Card and narrates a negative outcome.]”



The Narrative Outcome Tables makes use of the following cards:

  • Skuld Cards
  • Plot Twist Cards


Skuld Cards

I recently discussed the creation of my Skuld cards.


In the body of that article I noted how I use these cards to improvise the narrative at various times in the game. The Narrative Outcomes Table is one of those circumstances.


Plot Twist Cards

For last December’s Blog Carnival, also hosted by Mike, I wrote a review of the Plot Twist Cards from Paizo.


Once again, I noted in that article how I intended to use these cards to add twists to the narrative. Nearly one year on, the Narrative Outcomes Table is in use and producing interesting results. Many of the bullet points on the Plot Twist cards are mechanistic, tied to Paizo’s own Pathfinder system. However, the wording is broad enough to work in a more narrative system. We favour the plot-focused suggestions, and these cards always take the story in a new, and interesting direction.


Twisting the Story

Broadly, the impact of these cards is to add a new element into the story. On reflection, the story does not twist, so much as zigzag. We work hard to weave everything together, but as each card is adding a new element, the story can veer off quite sharply.


One reason for this is the random nature of the added element. Sometimes a card will be drawn that almost feels planned, where the improvised addition is an easy development from where the story is already heading. This serves to add greater momentum to the story, as it seemingly reinforces what is already happening.


At other times, however, the drawn card can add a sharp zig to the direction of the plot. This is where the greatest jolt of surprise kicks in. Suddenly one Hero has declared his love for a female minotaur petty-criminal, and the story has zagged somewhere new. Nobody saw that one coming, making it a wonderful surprise for us all.


For an example of this, see a recent Prep in Progress post.


GM Surprise

Perhaps my greatest benefit of this technique is how it keeps me on my toes, and allows the game to genuinely surprise me. Having moved away from the tightly-scripted plotting of sessions, I can now appreciate the same thrill of surprise as Players commonly experience. This is what I want from my game. I want to be surprised by the story we create together at the table.


Admittedly, it did take me a long time to reach this point with my gaming. Moving to a more improvisational game is not easy, and has been a long process within my campaign. The new style embodies the concept of feel the fear, and do it anyway. Running a session with minimal prep is still scary.


Yet, I am not running without support. These cards, and their ability to add surprising zigzags to the story, are my safety net. Embedded in the Narrative Outcomes Table is an effective mechanism to build the story as we play.


Faster Prep & More Story

Running a game with embedded narrative surprise gives me both faster prep and more story. I can run the game with minimal prep, as the Narrative Outcomes Table will build the story for me. Drawing a card, however it happens, gives us a building block for the next step in the story. A building block which requires no prep in advance, just a willingness to improvise from a visual image, or a few bullet points of text.


Surprise QuoteLikewise, there is more story at the table, because these cards often add narrative surprise. New events, subplots or challenges are frequently sparked by the drawing of a card. It really does feel as though the story writes itself, once the Heroes are in motion, and the dice are being rolled.



As a result of my Narrative Outcomes Table we frequently improvise a zigzag in the story. This methods keeps the narrative a surprise for everyone at the table. As our improvisational skills improve, the outcomes grow ever more surprising.


How do you add narrative surprise in your game? Do you even think the GM should be surprised by what happens in a session? How else could I use these tools to add further to our collaborative story? Share your thoughts with your fellow GMs in the comments below.


Read all the current entries to the November Carnival at Campaign Mastery.


The RPG Blog Carnival is under the stewardship of Johnn Four, at his Roleplaying Tips website.


The host for the October carnival was Scot Newbury at Of Dice and Dragons, where the topic was summed up in the very evocative title: by the pricking of my thumbs, something wicked this way comes.


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Happy Gaming



If you enjoyed this article, then please share it, or the associated quotations. You may also be interested in the following links:


Something for the Weekend last week: Shadow of Yesterday, part 2: Action Categories


Something for the Weekend next week: The One Ring, Part 1, Fellowship Formation


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