May 11

Friends & Neighbours, Empowering Relationships at the Table


No Man is an Island,
Entire of Itself
John Donne


And yet so many Heroes come to the table as if they were an island. I am sure we have all encountered orphan/loner characters. While a loner may work in prose, it is less engaging in the social environment of a roleplaying game. Most GMs would prefer to have Heroes who are engaged with the setting. Not only does this encourage roleplaying, but it also gives the GM more avenues to smoothly introduce new plot hooks.


What the GM needs is a way to provide value to the Player in having Relationships with other individuals in the setting. The best way to encourage a particular style of play is to have rules in place to enable that style of play. Thus, to connect the “islands” in a game, there needs to be rules to encourage and facilitate such relationships.


I have adapted rules found in Sagas of the Icelanders to bring relationships to life in my Tales of the Hero Wars campaign.


The saga of Sagas

Sagas of the Icelanders is a game by Gregor Vuga, which I helped crowdfund on Indiegogo in 2012. Sagas is based on the Dungeon World engine, and thus has a strong narrative foundation. The pdf is 179 pages long and includes details on setting, roles and advice on running a campaign set in Iceland during the Saga Period, roughly 875 to 1085.


The pdf of Sagas of the Icelanders can be bought at




There is a lot that I like about Sagas of the Icelanders, but it is the relationship rules that I want to discuss today. The Sagas rules explain the character’s Relationships as follows;


Each player must establish a few Relationships for their character at the start of the game, as determined by their rolebook [Editor; Dungeon World “class”]. Each Relationship determines your connection to one other character and will be the focus of your play for the next couple of sessions. Players can assign them either to characters belonging to other players or characters belonging to the MC [Editor; Master of Ceremonies, the GM in Sagas of the Icelanders]. In general, Relationships belong into three categories: familial relationships (blood-relations, foster-relations, sworn-brotherhoods…), attitudes (love, hate, concern…) and social (geographical proximity, debts, business transactions…).


So far, so good. The breakdown of Relationships into the three categories is a helpful way to look at Relationships in a RPG. It should be noted that the category of “attitude” represents a relationship expressed as an attitude towards another person. Thus, “Lover of Theano”, or “Hates Icel” would be good examples.


However, my adoption of these rules revolved around how Gregor empowered the Players to use these interpersonal links. Sagas of the Icelanders gives Players Bonds to the subject of their Relationships.


Bonded to your Relationships

The Bonds in Sagas of the Icelanders are another example of the “bennies” that appear in other games. Namely, a limited resource given to the Players that can be used for a variety of effects as desired by the Players. This is such an excellent mechanic, as it empowers the Players and gives them more options for influencing the story.


In Tales of the Hero Wars, we use what I call Wyrd Cards, but the name does not matter. What does matter is that the mechanics provide the Players with a direct way to influence the story. More Player input into the story directly leads to more story.


Player Input

The Bonds in Sagas of the Icelanders accomplish this input by empowering the Players to learn more about the people with whom they have a Relationship. A Player may hand in a Bond to learn one of the following;


• is your character speaking the truth?-
• what does your character wish I would do?
• what does your character intend to do?
• how does your character feel about this?
• how could I get your character to…?



Here is a simple, elegant way to bring the dynamics of a relationship to the table. Just as in real life, when we are closely linked to someone, such as a friend or a relative, we can make pretty fair guesses at the answers to those questions. This method brings those tools to the table.


Obviously, the Heroes will only have Relationships with a small number of people. Thus, the impact of this system will be limited. But, for those individuals within the web of Relationships at the table, the Players will have extra tools when interacting with them.



Impact at the Table

I am especially fond of the last question. This is such a superb source of Player-led plots. The answer to the question of how a Player can persuade another character to do something should always be an interesting sub-quest at the table. Even better, the instigating Player is going to be fully engaged with the sub-quest, as they were the one to set it in motion.


Indeed, the answers to any of the questions can enhance the game. In every case the Player has been given more information, and can thus make better choices. The Player is also drawn further into the setting as the characters learn more about the other people in the world.



Care should be taken to avoid this system becoming nothing more than a way for the GM to tell the Players what they should be doing. Nor should it be used to force the GM to reveal too many plot secrets. However, it is beneficial for the GM to have a smooth way to convey meta-information at the table.


Overall, this is a very helpful Rules Widget to add to your game.


It is a simple and elegant mechanic. You can tinker with the list of questions to better suit your setting, if desired. However, another method of empowering the Players, increasing collaboration and engaging the Heroes with the setting has to add value to your game.


Happy Gaming

Something for the Weekend next week; Location Aspects and Brainstorming with Players.



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  1. I’ve noticed in a few games that inter-party links and world-links are important. Monster of the Week, an Apocalypse powered game (such as DW and your Saga), and Fate both have rules for creating inter-party links.

    I would love to try them out in social roleplaying but solo they’re not so useful. Maybe I could play around with aspects to get that same type of link.

      • Phil on May 12, 2014 at 9:11 pm
      • Reply

      Hi Kenny “The Cabbage”,

      Well, I am not so sure about the lack of applicability.

      If you nominate three GMCs as having especially close relationships with the lone Hero, then this gives you some relationships to explore within the game. The list of questions could spur sub-quests just as easily for one Hero as for a group. You could regard these bonds as a type of leverage to apply to certain GMCs to persuade them to aid the Hero.

      Yes, these rules might work better in the more dynamic multi-Player game, but there can still be some scope for their use in Solo gaming.

      Thanks again for taking the time to comment.

      All the best

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